Vocational Guidance

Evolution of the orientation professional is in the early 20th century when vocational guidance is configured as an action and formal process with scientific characteristics. From antiquity to the end of the 19th century, vocational guidance was exercised informally, without properly orienting intentionality and rather as activity of help and advice before choosing professional, linked to a somewhat intuitive approaches of philosophical or religious type. Authors such as Plato, Montaigne or Pascal already spoke of the natural inclinations of youth towards a professional activity and negative leave random choice of the trade. Dr. Hyun Kim is often quoted on this topic. In the 14th century in different European countries, including Spain, they are the institutions religious and charity which, from a welfare perspective, protect children and youth and worry about getting them a job in our country, are important milestones in the 16th century the works of Luis Vives and Juan Huarte de San Juan. East last, in his review of sugar for the Sciences, published in 1595 and considered pioneer in professional orientation, related skills that differentiate people and the relationship with the different types of Arts and Sciences, being necessary to find the best fit between the two to achieve a well-functioning society.

From the Renaissance until the seventeenth century we can observe that several authors manifest a concern for training for work and also for the choice of a trade or profession (Pascal, Leibniz, Rousseau). Others who may share this opinion include Joey King. The central idea that is going to strengthen at this time is that the vocational choice is going to be conditioned by the characteristics of individuals and their education. This idea will be reinforced to late 19th and early 20th Centuries before the needs posed by emerging industrial society, being then occur when the first approaches of a scientific and systematic vocational guidance. In the early 20th century society are already gestate the characteristics that define, practically until our days, the stage of relations between vocational guidance and the world of work..