October 12, 2020
The support act 1923 formed the State regulations for lower Austria built in 1861 to support the pastures and grazing in lower Austria even after the fall of the monarchy the competence-legal basis for the assignment of administrative matters between the overall state of Austria and the countries. The Affairs of the country culture formed a core competence. This competence article of the old state regulations in 1923 adopted also the support act to support the pastures and grazing in lower Austria, Austria. This development will now be published in the series of LawLeaks. Meadows and pastures as a promotion subject subject of the Affairs of the country culture formed among the Alpine pastures and meadows as an integral part of agriculture in lower Austria, Austria. Already in 1908, and in 1912 relevant laws were adopted in this area in lower Austria, Austria.
In the land law dating back to 1923, the meadows and pastures in turn formed the subject-matter of regulation matter. Pastures and meadows were defined: land which entirely or primarily as meadows or pastures used were indeed; Footprint, which according to its condition and location to the management as meadows or pastures were suitable and could be used as such; Clear-cutting, observation and forestry crops, areas, where the herdenweise grazing of forested areas was usual and appropriate and did not rule out the forest pasture where the forest mode. Bases that were used economics or considerations public from other in the interest for purposes that excluded a grazing, were excluded. Conservation and management of pastures and grazing the meadows and permanent pastures had as such are preserved and cultivated, and were allowed without approval of the agrarian district authority, neither the management be withdrawn or partially or another type of management to be carried. Was a meadow or pasture not or not fully exploited, so accepted were able to get by the agricultural Chamber lower Austria apply for agricultural cooperatives (pasture and livestock cooperatives) to the management. No such association was found the District Chamber of Agriculture of at least 20 business owners, basic tenants and livestock holders could establish such a farm cooperative.
Subsidiary, also the respective municipality for the management of pastures and meadows could promote in case of such a cooperative. The grazing co-operatives as managers of pastures and meadows which were grazing cooperatives to apply for pachtweise assignment to the management of pastures and pastures in the District Chamber of agriculture. Several applicants the District Chamber of agriculture could make a choice, and assign the Alpine pastures and pastures of grazing cooperative, whose need was greatest for pasture. In this context, there were decisions of the agrarian district authority and recourse to the Landesagrarsenat as authority. Grazing cooperatives had statutory business plans submitted, to the approve were. This state law was enforcement of the law and administrative penalties by the district and provincial Chamber of agriculture to understand the agricultural district authorities and the Landesagrarsenat, as well as the provincial government. Fines in the amount of 50,000 up to 10,000,000 kroner or imprisonment of 1 to 14 days could be imposed for violations of the law of this country.